a)  Hungary / b)  Constitutional Court / c) / d)  16-04-1994 / e)  22/1994 / f) / g)  Magyar Közlöny (Official Gazette), 40/1994 / h) .
Keywords of the systematic thesaurus:
Institutions - Judicial bodies - Legal assistance and representation of parties - The Bar - Organisation.
Fundamental Rights - Equality.
Fundamental Rights - Civil and political rights - Freedom of association.
Keywords of the alphabetical index:
Public body.
Obligatory membership of a professional association (in this case the bar association) violates neither freedom of association, nor the principle of equality. The bar is a public body under Hungarian law which guarantees the professionalism and independence of private attorneys. The ruling of the Court is in accordance with the Judgment of the European Court of Human Rights (Le Compte, Van Leuven and De Meyere case, Judgment of 23 June 1981, Special Bulletin ? Leading cases ECHR [ECH-1981-S-001]).