Systematic thesaurus - Thésaurus systématique - Thesaurus sistemático
01.01.01 Statute and organisation Sources Constitution Institutional Acts Other legislation Rule issued by the executive Independence Statutory independence Administrative independence Financial independence
01.01.02 Composition, recruitment and structure Number of members Appointing authority Functions of the President / Vice-President Subdivision into chambers or sections Functions of the Secretary General / Registrar Legal Advisers
01.01.03 Status of the members of the court Term of office of Members Term of office of the President Privileges and immunities Professional incompatibilities Disciplinary measures Irremovability Remuneration Non-disciplinary suspension of functions End of office
01.01.04 Relations with other institutions Legislative bodies Executive bodies Courts
01.02 Types of claim
01.02.01 Claim by a public body Head of State Legislative bodies Executive bodies Organs of federated or regional authorities Organs of sectoral decentralisation Local self-government body Public Prosecutor or Attorney-General Ombudsman Member states of the European Union Institutions of the European Union Religious authorities
01.02.02 Claim by a private body or individual Natural person Non-profit-making corporate body Profit-making corporate body Political parties Trade unions
01.02.04 Initiation ex officio by the body of constitutional jurisdiction
01.03 Jurisdiction
01.03.01 Scope of review
01.03.02 Type of review Preliminary / ex post facto review Abstract / concrete review
01.03.03 Advisory powers
01.03.04 Types of litigation Litigation in respect of fundamental rights and freedoms
 Admissibility Other litigation Restrictive proceedings Banning of political parties Withdrawal of civil rights Removal from parliamentary office Impeachment Litigation in respect of jurisdictional conflict Litigation in respect of the constitutionality of enactments Limits of the legislative competence Litigation in respect of constitutional revision Universally binding interpretation of laws Distribution of powers between the EU and member states Distribution of powers between institutions of the EU
01.03.05 The subject of review International treaties Law of the European Union/EU Law Primary legislation Secondary legislation Laws and other rules having the force of law Laws and other rules in force before the entry into force of the Constitution Decrees of the Head of State Quasi-legislative regulations Rules issued by federal or regional entities Parliamentary rules Rules issued by the executive Acts issued by decentralised bodies Court decisions Administrative acts
01.04 Procedure
01.04.02 Summary procedure
01.04.03 Time-limits for instituting proceedings Ordinary time-limit Special time-limits Leave to appeal out of time
01.04.04 Exhaustion of remedies Obligation to raise constitutional issues before ordinary courts
01.04.05 Originating document Signature Formal requirements Annexes Service
01.04.06 Grounds Time-limits Form Ex-officio grounds Time-limits Decision to lodge the document Signature Formal requirements Annexes Service
01.04.08 Preparation of the case for trial Registration Notifications and publication Time-limits Preliminary proceedings Opinions Reports Evidence Inquiries into the facts by the Court Decision that preparation is complete
01.04.09 Parties Interest Representation The Bar Legal representation other than the Bar Representation by persons other than lawyers or jurists Persons or entities authorised to intervene in proceedings
01.04.10 Interlocutory proceedings Intervention Plea of forgery Resumption of proceedings after interruption Joinder of similar cases Challenging of a judge Automatic disqualification Challenge at the instance of a party Request for a preliminary ruling by the Court of Justice of the EU
01.04.11 Hearing Composition of the bench Procedure In public / in camera Report Opinion Address by the parties
01.04.12 Special procedures
01.04.13 Re-opening of hearing Waiver of court fees Legal aid or assistance Party costs
01.05 Decisions
01.05.01 Deliberation Composition of the bench Chair Procedure Quorum Vote
01.05.02 Reasoning
01.05.03 Form
01.05.04 Types Procedural decisions Opinion Annulment Consequential annulment Suspension Modification Interim measures
01.05.05 Individual opinions of members Concurring opinions Dissenting opinions
01.05.06 Delivery and publication Delivery Time limit Publication Publication in the official journal/gazette Publication in an official collection Private publication Press
01.06 Effects
01.06.01 Scope
01.06.02 Determination of effects by the court
01.06.03 Effect erga omnes Stare decisis
01.06.04 Effect inter partes
01.06.05 Temporal effect Entry into force of decision Retrospective effect (ex tunc) Limitation on retrospective effect Ex nunc effect Postponement of temporal effect
01.06.06 Execution Body responsible for supervising execution Penalty payment
01.06.07 Influence on State organs
01.06.08 Influence on everyday life
01.06.09 Consequences for other cases Ongoing cases Decided cases
02 Sources
02.01.01 Written rules National rules Constitution National rules from other countries Law of the European Union/EU Law International instruments United Nations Charter of 1945 Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 Geneva Conventions of 1949 Geneva Convention on the Status of Refugees of 1951 European Social Charter of 1961 International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination of 1965 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties of 1969 American Convention on Human Rights of 1969 Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women of 1979 African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights of 1981 European Charter of Local Self-Government of 1985 Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities of 1995 Statute of the International Criminal Court of 1998 Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union of 2000 International conventions regulating diplomatic and consular relations
02.01.02 Unwritten rules Constitutional custom General principles of law Natural law
02.01.03 Case-law Domestic case-law International case-law European Court of Human Rights Court of Justice of the European Union Other international bodies Foreign case-law
02.02 Hierarchy
02.02.01 Hierarchy as between national and non-national sources Treaties and constitutions Treaties and legislative acts Treaties and other domestic legal instruments European Convention on Human Rights and constitutions European Convention on Human Rights and non-constitutional domestic legal instruments Law of the European Union/EU Law and domestic law EU primary law and constitutions EU primary law and domestic nonconstitutional legal instruments EU secondary law and constitutions EU secondary law and domestic nonconstitutional instruments Direct effect, primacy and the uniform application of EU Law
02.02.02 Hierarchy as between national sources Hierarchy emerging from the Constitution Hierarchy attributed to rights and freedoms The Constitution and other sources of domestic law
02.02.03 Hierarchy between sources of EU Law
02.03 Techniques of review
02.03.01 Concept of manifest error in assessing evidence or exercising discretion
02.03.03 Intention of the author of the enactment under review
02.03.04 Interpretation by analogy
02.03.05 Logical interpretation
02.03.06 Historical interpretation
02.03.07 Literal interpretation
02.03.08 Systematic interpretation
02.03.09 Teleological interpretation
02.03.10 Contextual interpretation
02.03.11 Pro homine/most favourable interpretation to the individual
03 General Principles
03.01 Sovereignty
03.02 Republic/Monarchy
03.03 Democracy
03.03.01 Representative democracy
03.03.02 Direct democracy
03.04 Separation of powers
03.06.01 Unitary State
03.06.02 Regional State
03.06.03 Federal State
03.08 Territorial principles
03.08.01 Indivisibility of the territory
03.09 Rule of law
03.11 Vested and/or acquired rights
03.12 Clarity and precision of legal provisions
03.15 Publication of laws
03.15.01 Ignorance of the law is no excuse
03.15.02 Linguistic aspects
03.16 Proportionality
03.17 Weighing of interests
03.19 Margin of appreciation
03.20 Reasonableness
03.22 Prohibition of arbitrariness
03.23 Equity
04 Institutions
04.01.01 Procedure
04.01.02 Limitations on powers
04.02 State Symbols
04.02.01 Flag
04.02.02 National holiday
04.02.03 National anthem
04.02.04 National emblem
04.02.05 Motto
04.02.06 Capital city
04.03 Languages
04.03.01 Official language(s)
04.03.02 National language(s)
04.03.03 Regional language(s)
04.03.04 Minority language(s)
04.04 Head of State
04.04.01 Vice-President / Regent
04.04.02 Temporary replacement
04.04.03 Powers Promulgation of laws International relations Powers with respect to the armed forces Mediating powers
04.04.04 Appointment Necessary qualifications Incompatibilities Direct/indirect election Hereditary succession
04.04.05 Term of office Commencement of office Duration of office Incapacity End of office Limit on number of successive terms
04.04.06 Status Liability Legal liability Immunity Civil liability Criminal liability Political responsibility Competences with respect to international agreements
04.05.03 Composition Election of members Appointment of members Term of office of the legislative body Duration Term of office of members Duration End
04.05.04 Organisation Rules of procedure President/Speaker Parliamentary groups Right to initiate legislation Quorum Majority required Right of amendment Relations between houses
04.05.07 Relations with the executive bodies Questions to the government Questions of confidence Motion of censure
04.05.08 Relations with judicial bodies
04.05.09 Liability
04.05.10 Political parties Creation Financing Role Prohibition
04.06.01 Hierarchy
04.06.02 Powers
04.06.03 Application of laws Delegated rule-making powers
04.06.04 Composition Appointment of members Election of members End of office of members Status of members of executive bodies
04.06.05 Organisation
04.06.06 Relations with judicial bodies Universities Conditions of access Reasons for exclusion Remuneration Personal liability Trade union status
04.06.10 Liability Legal liability Immunity Civil liability Criminal liability Political responsibility
04.07.01 Jurisdiction Exclusive jurisdiction Universal jurisdiction
04.07.02 Procedure
04.07.03 Decisions
04.07.04 Organisation Members Qualifications Appointment Election Term of office End of office Status Incompatibilities Discipline Irremovability Officers of the court Powers Appointment Election Term of office End of office Status Languages Registry Budget
04.07.06 Relations with bodies of international jurisdiction
04.07.07 Supreme court
04.07.08 Ordinary courts Civil courts Criminal courts
04.07.09 Administrative courts
04.07.11 Military courts
04.07.12 Special courts
04.07.13 Other courts
04.07.14 Arbitration
04.07.15 Legal assistance and representation of parties The Bar Organisation Powers of ruling bodies Role of members of the Bar Status of members of the Bar Discipline Assistance other than by the Bar Legal advisers Legal assistance bodies
04.07.16 Liability Liability of the State Liability of judges
04.08 Federalism, regionalism and local self-government
04.08.02 Regions and provinces
04.08.04 Basic principles Autonomy Subsidiarity
04.08.05 Definition of geographical boundaries
04.08.06 Institutional aspects Deliberative assembly Status of members Executive Courts
04.08.07 Budgetary and financial aspects Finance Arrangements for distributing the financial resources of the State Budget Mutual support arrangements
04.08.08 Distribution of powers Principles and methods Implementation Distribution ratione materiae Distribution ratione loci Distribution ratione temporis Distribution ratione personae Supervision Co-operation International relations Conclusion of treaties Participation in international organisations or their organs
04.09.04 Constituencies
04.09.06 Representation of minorities
04.09.07 Preliminary procedures Electoral rolls Campaign financing Campaign expenses
04.09.09 Voting procedures Polling stations Polling booths Identity checks on voters
04.09.10 Minimum participation rate required
04.09.11 Determination of votes Counting of votes Electoral reports
04.09.12 Proclamation of results
04.09.13 Judicial control
04.09.14 Non-judicial complaints and appeals
04.09.15 Post-electoral procedures
04.10.01 Principles
04.10.02 Budget
04.10.03 Accounts
04.10.04 Currency
04.10.05 Central bank
04.10.07 Taxation Principles Privatisation
04.11 Armed forces, police forces and secret services
04.11.01 Armed forces
04.11.02 Police forces
04.11.03 Secret services
04.12.01 Appointment
04.12.02 Guarantees of independence Term of office Incompatibilities Immunities Financial independence
04.12.03 Powers
04.12.04 Organisation
04.12.05 Relations with the Head of State
04.12.06 Relations with the legislature
04.12.07 Relations with the executive
04.12.09 Relations with judicial bodies
04.12.10 Relations with federal or regional authorities
04.15 Exercise of public functions by private bodies
04.16 International relations
04.16.01 Transfer of powers to international institutions
04.17 European Union
04.17.01 Institutional structure European Parliament European Council Council of Ministers European Commission European Central Bank Court of Auditors
04.17.02 Distribution of powers between the EU and member states Sincere co-operation between EU institutions and member States Subsidiarity
04.17.03 Distribution of powers between institutions of the EU
04.17.04 Legislative procedure
05.01 General questions
05.01.01 Entitlement to rights Nationals Nationals living abroad Citizens of the European Union and non-citizens with similar status Foreigners Refugees and applicants for refugee status Natural persons Incapacitated Detainees Military personnel Legal persons Private law Public law
05.01.02 Horizontal effects
05.01.03 Positive obligation of the state Non-derogable rights General/special clause of limitation Subsequent review of limitation